Guardian Climate Change Archive (3): 2001

All articles can be found on the Guardian site, currently starting at http://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-change?page=845

[Earthquakes in El Salvador, India and Seattle; volcanoes in Italy and the Philippines; the world threatened with destruction by an escaping subatomic particle; all these are symptoms of climate change, according to the Guardian in 2001. But Polly Toynbee has a plan: transfer your account to the Co-op Bank. George Bush refuses to sign Kyoto, and Greenpeace activists dressed as tigers take over an Esso distribution centre in Essex in protest; Exxon fights back and Shell promises £1 billion investment in green energy; Scotland battered by blizzards; floods in Algeria and penguins surf into Rio to escape global warming. A knife edge conference in Bonn clinches a last minute deal to save Kyoto; Britain threatened by malaria and an ice age – good news, because scientists say that warm weather makes us irritable, violent and depressed. London is set to become the world’s international carbon trading centre – a multibillion pound new industry “spawned” by the Bonn summit; the Guardian publishes four articles by Bjorn Lomborg] 

There’s no business like snow business in December 22 Dec 2001: Paul Simons on festive weather

Odds on white Christmas: 21 Dec 2001: This weekend will be chilly, snowy and dangerous for drivers, but there is a good chance of a white Christmas, forecasters said yesterday.

Within these walls: 12 Dec 2001: Getting housebuilders to take energy efficiency seriously would have a dramatic effect upon the UK’s environment.

November’s weather: 10 Dec 2001: Daytime temperatures

Thaw puts hazards in the path of Scott’s successors: 17 Nov 2001: It is as big as Europe and the mainland US combined. It contains 90% of the planet’s snow and ice. No human stepped ashore before the 20th century. Even now, its winter population is only about 200 people. And yet it has a pollution problem.

Algerian floods toll could exceed 1,000: 16 Nov 2001: Hope of finding survivors in the muddy rubble left by the floods which surged through Algiers at the weekend dwindled yesterday as estimates of the death toll rose to 1,000.

Climate change threat to wildlife: 14 Nov 2001: Some of Britain’s rarest wildlife will become extinct within 50 years as climate change takes hold, while other species take advantage of the warmth and move north to colonise new areas, according to a new study.

‘Historic’ deal saves Kyoto, but America stays outside: 11 Nov 2001: Every country in the world except the US reached agreement this weekend on how to enforce the Kyoto accord on tackling climate change.

Usual suspects hold out on climate deal: 10 Nov 2001: Bickering between 160 states on details of the Kyoto climate deal continued in Marrakech last night, even though two weeks of talks were due to have ended in the afternoon.

Widespread snow ends mild autumn: 10 Nov 2001: The apparently endless autumn came to a shivering halt yesterday as a cold snap killed off swaths of late flowers.

Philippines death toll could reach 350: 9 Nov 2001: Up to 350 people are feared dead after a devastating tropical storm ripped through the Philippines, officials said yesterday.

Thousands at risk unless floods spending doubles: 9 Nov 2001: Government spending on flood defences will have to increase significantly adequately to protect thousands of homes at threat this winter, according to a report published yesterday by the Institution of Civil Engineers.

Frozen assets: 7 Nov 2001: Wanted: immediate storage space for 7,000 fridges a day for the next five years while this government gets its act together on recycling.

October’s weather: 5 Nov 2001: October was a record-breaking month for temperatures in the UK, being the warmest October in the 340-year-long Central England Temperature (CET) series.

Cuba battered by 135mph hurricane: 5 Nov 2001: Cuba was reeling yesterday as it experienced its most powerful hurricane for more than half a century.

Hurricane hits southern Cuba: 3 Nov 2001: Emergency measures were put into effect in Cuba last night as the fringe of Hurricane Michelle struck the southern coast and mountains with winds of 85mph.

Drought-hit states facing famine: 30 Oct 2001: While the world’s attention is focused on war in Afghanistan, three successive years of severe drought have created conditions for a famine which is threatening neighbouring Central Asian countries.

October warmest on record: 30 Oct 2001: The UK is on course for the warmest October ever, despite torrential rain and heavy floods, forecasters said yesterday.

Flood risk towns to get £106m : 26 Oct 2001: Two of the most flood prone towns in Britain are to get a revolutionary collapsible flood barrier to protect them as part of a £106m national package of measures announced yesterday.

Cam flooding worst in 20 years: 23 Oct 2001: The first floods of Britain’s new “wet season” saw villages cut off in Cambridgeshire and Essex yesterday and warnings of more damage to come, as heavy rain again crossed the south-east last night.

‘We were trying to scoop the water out but it was just coming back twice as fast’: 23 Oct 2001: The kids were splashing through the lake under the brilliant autumn sun, giggling and shrieking as the muddy water crept up to their thighs.

Put the planet on a war footing: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2001/oct/23/afghanistan.politics 23 Oct 2001: Ros Coward: This is the time for environmentalists to challenge the actions of our leaders and press their demands.

Community blighted by previous deluge nervously checks weather forecasts: 23 Oct 2001: The Waterside community in Norton and Malton was glued to weather bulletins yesterday, with most eyes on the rain intermittently drenching the North York Moors.

Endless summer: 17 Oct 2001: The first leaf tints and fruits ripening signal that we are due for a vibrant autumn, but these traditional, natural events appear to be occurring later. Paul Evans on the problems for wildlife in our messed up seasons.

Controlling the weather: 24 Sep 2001: The military has long been obsessed with the idea of controlling the weather to use to its advantage. Recent evidence has emerged that such an experiment may have been behind the worst British flashflood in living memory.

It’s all about oil … again: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/sep/18/globalwarming.greenpolitics 18 Sep 2001: If global conflict and ecological disaster are to be avoided, the west must end its reliance on oil, writes Mark Lynas.

Swiss fault could cause huge quake: 14 Sep 2001: The geological fault that caused Europe’s worst earthquake – it tumbled 40 castles in 1356 – could happen again, according to scientists. Such an earthquake now would cripple the Swiss city of Basle.

Congress body may sue White House: 8 Sep 2001: The US congressional investigative and audit agency said yesterday that it may sue the White House over its refusal to name the corporate leaders the administration consulted over its controversial energy plan.

Global warming ‘threatens Britain with little ice age’: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/sep/07/globalwarming.research 7 Sep 2001: Tim Radford: Scientists in Aberdeen have confirmed the local nightmare of global warming – that rising sea temperatures might be about to affect ocean currents.

End of the world is nigh, scientists insist: http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2001/sep/07/physicalsciences.spaceexploration 7 Sep 2001: Tim Radford: The end of the world really could be at hand, scientists warned yesterday, and there are a number of ways it could happen, the British Association science festival in Glasgow heard yesterday.

Coral reefs ‘face total destruction within 50 years’: 6 Sep 2001: Most of the coral reefs of the world’s oceans will disappear within 30 to 50 years, a marine biologist warned yesterday.

Scientists attempt to drain Philippine volcano: 6 Sep 2001: Geologists and vulcanologists today dug a narrow canal at the summit of the Mount Pinatubo volcano in the Philippines in a bid to prevent the lake at its summit from bursting and flooding nearby villages.

Wave of disaster warning: 29 Aug 2001: Scientists conjure up possibility of volcano triggering world’s worst natural calamity.

The lazy person’s guide to saving the planet: http://www.theguardian.com/politics/2001/aug/29/environment.climatechange 29 Aug 2001: Polly Toynbee: The government may not be prepared to go green, but consumers can.

Bank holiday to be ‘hottest in a decade’:23 Aug 2001: The August bank holiday could be the hottest for a decade with temperatures in some areas of Britain soaring above 30C (86F), forecasters predicted yesterday.

Flight path to danger:21 Aug 2001: These days even the Blairs fly with a budget airline – but the environmental cost of the growth in travel by plane is unsustainable.

Arguments that don’t hold water: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/aug/20/climatechange.physicalsciences 20 Aug 2001: Tom Burke, Charles Secrett, Tony McMichael: In a provocative three-day series of essays in G2 last week, Bjorn Lomborg argued against the general consensus that man is destroying the planet. Here, three leading environmental thinkers dispute his theories.

Eco-crisis – the view from Jakarta: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/aug/20/guardianletters.globalwarming 20 Aug 2001: All looks wonderful from Professor Lomborg’s comfortable armchair in Denmark, one of the world’s most prosperous small countries. But here in Jakarta, some of the worst air pollution on earth leads to thousands of early deaths each year.

Oil search plan near Barrier Reef: 18 Aug 2001: Moves to begin oil exploration just 30 miles east of the Great Barrier Reef were condemned as “grotesque” by environmentalists yesterday.

Why Kyoto will not stop this: http://www.theguardian.com/education/2001/aug/17/highereducation.climatechange 17 Aug 2001: Global warming is the greatest threat to mankind. Wrong, says Bjorn Lomborg. In the last of his three exclusive essays for the Guardian, he argues that cutting carbon emissions is a pointless waste of money.

Running on empty?: http://www.theguardian.com/education/2001/aug/16/highereducation.climatechange 16 Aug 2001: Ever since it became our most valuable resource, we have worried about whether our oil supply will last. But, says Bjorn Lomborg, such fears are age-old and unfounded. In the second of his three exclusive essays for the Guardian, he argues that the wells will never run dry.

Driven to extinction: a specious theory: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/aug/16/g2.globalwarming 16 Aug 2001: Bjorn Lomborg: The threat of biodiversity loss is real, but exaggerated. Most early estimates used simple island models that linked loss of habitat with loss of biodiversity.

Yes, it looks bad, but…: http://www.theguardian.com/education/2001/aug/15/highereducation.climatechange 15 Aug 2001: We are cooking our own planet, driving thousands of species to extinction and filling our skies and rivers with poison. Right? Not according to Bjorn Lomborg. In the first of three exclusive essays for the Guardian, Europe’s most controversial environmental thinker argues that reports of the earth’s imminent death are much exaggerated. Read Bjorn Lomborg’s article in full, complete with footnotes and graphs (pdf file) Bjorn Lomborg’s bibliography (pdf file)

Take a deep breath… air quality is getting better: 15 Aug 2001: Of all the different types of pollution affecting human health, by far the most important is air pollution. Of all the major US Environmental Protection Agency statute areas, and even by the agency’s own reckoning, 86-96% of all social benefits stem from the regulation of air pollution.

US lets fight against smog disappear into thin air: 9 Aug 2001: Power industry wins weaker enforcement on air pollution

Flooded volcano threatens disaster: 6 Aug 2001: One of the Philippines’ most famous volcanoes, Mount Pinatubo, is filling with water at such a rapid rate that experts are warning of an unstoppable disaster in the coming weeks.

Cutting greenhouse gases is as optional as breathing: http://www.theguardian.com/business/2001/aug/06/physicalsciences.environment 6 Aug 2001: Andrew Simms:  Is there a point negotiating on how far to build a bridge across a canyon? The mistake made by the United States and the industrialised countries working on the Kyoto protocol is to treat scientific advice on targets for cutting greenhouse gas emissions as optional.

Mission to Venus ‘could explain greenhouse effect’: 6 Aug 2001: British scientists are pushing for a mission to the planet from hell. They want to use a duplicate of a Mars spacecraft to go to the Earth’s sister planet Venus.

Bush wins vote on drilling in Alaska: 3 Aug 2001: Teamsters help Republicans triumph as green lobby fails to keep oil companies out of sanctuary.

Rumbles underfoot – then the explosion: 2 Aug 2001: The lava slides close enough to touch and for the first time even Marco the fireman hesitates. Rock underfoot softens and warmth seeps through the thickest boot. Everyone scrambles back.

Storms will sweep in to end heatwave: 31 Jul 2001: The heatwave which has seen Britain sweltering in temperatures hotter than Hawaii and the Caribbean will end this week, forecasters warned yesterday.

Magma menace: 30 Jul 2001: Sicilians gathered on the slopes of Mount Etna to pray last night as a river of orange-black lava oozed towards the mounds of earth protecting a tourist resort.

Kyoto could even make things worse: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jul/27/globalwarming.comment 27 Jul 2001: Mark Lynas: The Kyoto protocol is now more riddled with holes than a piece of Swiss cheese.

Japan cooks in its own juice: 26 Jul 2001: This week’s heatwave might make Junichiro Koizumi glad he has finally come off the fence on global warming, writes Jonathan Watts.

Tiger trap: 26 Jul 2001: Protesters brought an Esso distribution depot to a halt yesterday. They say we should all boycott the company because it has sabotaged efforts to reduce global warming. But is it guilty as charged? Emma Brockes and Julian Borger in Washington investigate.

Esso plant blockaded in Kyoto protest: 26 Jul 2001: Greenpeace activists yesterday blockaded an Esso petrol plant in protest against the oil company’s support for US President George Bush and his rejection of the Kyoto climate treaty.

Greenpeace blockades Esso plant: 25 Jul 2001: Greenpeace activists dressed as tigers took over an Esso distribution centre in Essex this today, waving a 100ft banner that read ‘Stop Esso – Stop Bush’ in protest at the US president’s refusal to sign up to the Kyoto protocol this week.

Global warming: sue the US now: 25 Jul 2001: When all else fails, go to court. That could be the conclusion of exasperated poor countries as the rich world falls out over how to deal with climate change – and the biggest polluter, the United States, still refuses to play.

Threat of Etna eruption eases: 

24 Jul 2001: Ashes from Mount Etna continued to rain down on the Sicilian city of Catania today but the nearby airport was able to reopen after strong winds cleared the runway of ash and dust.

What the US papers say: 24 Jul 2001: Most American papers agree that the US was a bystander at the Bonn summit that approved the Kyoto treaty, but some feel it is time for that to change.

After nine years of talks, a deal at last – but it’s just a small step for mankind: 

24 Jul 2001: It was, as an unshaven Michael Meacher pointed out in Bonn in the middle of Sunday night, a roller coaster ride. Reaching agreement on the Kyoto protocol has been one of the most arduous series of international negotiations ever recorded.

World deal on climate isolates US: 24 Jul 2001: The world community of 186 states, with the notable exception of the United States – the most powerful and polluting country – adopted the Kyoto protocol yesterday, an historic first step towards saving the planet from the worst effects of global warming.

US stands defiant despite isolation in climate debate: 24 Jul 2001: The US reacted defiantly yesterday to finding itself once again dubbed the world’s environmental pariah following the Bonn agreement to press ahead with the Kyoto protocol on climate change.

Global achievement: 24 Jul 2001: The 186 countries involved in the Bonn climate change negotiations are, with one exception, to be congratulated on their success in translating the 1997 Kyoto protocol into an international treaty.

UK may take lead in carbon trading: 24 Jul 2001: London is set to become the world’s international trading centre for a multibillion pound new industry which yesterday’s climate agreement will spawn, providing a potential spur to British technology and jobs.

The Bonn summit: 23 Jul 2001: The global warming accord is the first step toward dealing with climate change. Mark Oliver explains the deal that saved the Kyoto protocol.

Global warming treaty clinched: 23 Jul 2001: A compromised, last-minute deal to save the troubled Kyoto Protocol on curbing global warming was agreed this morning.

EU makes concessions on climate change: 23 Jul 2001: The deal on the table in Bonn does not do much to limit the world’s greenhouse gas emissions, but its purpose is to save the Kyoto protocol from collapse and provide a framework for future reductions.

Climate deal on a knife-edge: 23 Jul 2001: The future of the Kyoto climate treaty hung by a thread last night when 185 countries meeting in Bonn faced an ultimatum on curbing greenhouse gas emissions across the world.

America the unbeautiful: 22 Jul 2001: Bianca Jagger: George W Bush has abdicated the leadership role America once enjoyed. He has walked away from his international obligations, tearing up international treaties like the Kyoto Protocol and ABM treaty. Why?

Halting global warming is cheapest option: 21 Jul 2001: Five to 10 years’ delay in cutting greenhouse gas emissions could put the job of stabilising the atmosphere beyond reach, the head of the international taskforce that is looking at solutions to climate change, Bert Metz, said yesterday.

Old hurdle bedevils climate conference: 20 Jul 2001: A row about the use of “loopholes” in the Kyoto protocol which allow planting trees and managing existing forests to count towards the reduction in greenhouse gas emissions overshadowed the first day of ministerial negotiations in Bonn yesterday.

Cool California turns electricity famine into feast: 20 Jul 2001: California, which has spent much of the year facing blackouts because of an electricity shortage, now finds itself with too much power and the prospect of selling it at a loss.

Beckett ‘cautious’ at climate summit: 19 Jul 2001: Britain’s environment secretary was today pessimistic about the prospects of getting the Kyoto protocol on global warming back on track at the summit being held in Bonn.

Kyoto agreement back on track: 19 Jul 2001: A changing political mood has raised the hope that the climate talks in Bonn will reach an agreement by Sunday that will enable governments to ratify the Kyoto protocol next year without the United States joining them.

Japan throws weight behind climate pact: 18 Jul 2001: Japan made it clear yesterday that it would do its utmost to reach an agreement at the climate talks in Bonn, even if the United States persisted in its opposition to measures in the Kyoto protocol.

Bush will not budge on Kyoto: 18 Jul 2001: President Bush flies into Britain this evening bringing with him a plane-load of negotiators under strict instructions not to negotiate on US opposition to the Kyoto global warming treaty and Washington’s plan to abandon the anti-ballistic missile treaty.

Flying in the sun: 17 Jul 2001: Helios, the sun god, used to drive his divine gold and silver-wheeled chariot across the sky every day. Nasa, the US space agency, has gone one better.

US and Japan under pressure at climate talks: 17 Jul 2001: The crucial summit on climate control got underway in Bonn yesterday with an appeal by Jan Pronk, the Dutch environment minister, for the 180 countries present to make a deal or face catastrophic global consequences.

Deluded escapism: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/jul/16/comment.columnists 16 Jul 2001: Madeleine Bunting: It’s easy to blame the US for global warming, but we are all guilty when we jet off on our holidays.

Greenhouse melts Alaska’s tribal ways: 16 Jul 2001: As climate talks get under way in Bonn today, some Americans are ruing the warming their president chooses to ignore.

Blueprint to avert global disaster: http://www.theguardian.com/business/2001/jul/16/climatechange.environment 16 Jul 2001: Larry Elliott: In one respect, Tony Blair is like every British prime minister since Churchill – he believes in a unique bond between Downing Street and the White House. The existence of the so-called special relationship is much disputed, but one thing is certain; if London does exert any influence in Washington then next weekend will be the time to wield it.

The heat is on for a solution in Bonn: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jul/14/physicalsciences.climatechange 14 Jul 2001: Paul Brown: As crucial climate change talks open, we examine the high cost of inaction

Tokyo ready to support climate deal without US: 13 Jul 2001: Japan will make a last effort today to coax the US back into talks on global warming, but it has made it clear that it will not abandon the Kyoto protocol

Drought now threatens flood devastated south-east: 6 Jul 2001: Drought is causing severe problems in south-east England, with some rivers drying up – the same that repeatedly flooded hundreds of homes during the wettest winter since records began.

Flooding and lightning strikes for some … for others, hope of cooling rain: 5 Jul 2001: Dozens of people fled their homes yesterday and thousands more were left without power after thunderstorms caused chaos across Britain.

Japanese backing for Blair’s Kyoto vision: 3 Jul 2001: Tony Blair and the Japanese prime minister, Junichiro Koizumi, endorsed the Kyoto protocol as the “framework” for tackling climate change yesterday over lunch at Downing Street.

Key countries resolve to honour Kyoto without US: 30 Jun 2001: The complete isolation of the United States on the issue of climate change moved a step closer yesterday when Europe, Japan and Russia ended a meeting in the Hague saying they wanted to complete the deal to cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Disasters will outstrip aid effort as world heats up: 29 Jun 2001: International aid will not be able to keep up with the impact of global warming, the Red Cross said yesterday, after reporting a sharp increase in the late 1990s in the number of weather-induced disasters

The climate is changing: 29 Jun 2001: Mr Bush, beware, you’re seriously out of synch. The rest of the world is backing Kyoto.

As the world gets hotter, will Britain get colder?: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jun/21/globalwarming.physicalsciences 21 Jun 2001: Tim Radford: Global warming may have begun to interfere with ocean circulation – and paradoxically could plunge Britain and Scandinavia into a colder future, scientists warn today.

Emissions that count: 19 Jun 2001: If the Kyoto agreement collapses – which, thanks to Bush, looks increasingly likely – a third way has emerged which may yet save the planet.

ExxonMobil fights back: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jun/18/greenpolitics.marketingandpr 18 Jun 2001: World’s biggest oil firm is unleasing a PR offensive to win the environmental war of words, writes Terry Macalister. [Philip Stott]

Studs punish Iceland’s roads: 17 Jun 2001: Global warming has given Iceland an unexpected headache. Its roads – recently freed of much of their ice cover – are being ground to dust by cars fitted with studded winter tyres.

Shell’s $1bn green energy plan pleases campaigners: http://www.theguardian.com/business/2001/jun/15/climatechange.environment 15 Jun 2001: Terry Macalister Shell, Europe’s largest oil group, yesterday announced plans to spend up to $1bn (£714m) on wind power and solar energy over the next five years.

Street clashes greet the ‘Toxic Texan’: 15 Jun 2001: Thousands of flag-waving demonstrators took to the streets of Gothenburg last night after police clashed with activists suspected of planning violence at the EU-US summit in the Swedish city.

Divisions over Kyoto set the scene for explosive Bonn: 15 Jun 2001: Europe’s continuing support for the Kyoto treaty and its renewed intention to ratify it even without the US was last night being interpreted by environment analysts and diplomats as a further, but perhaps final, escalation of the war of words in the run-up to the crucial Bonn meeting in July.

Summit admits to Kyoto failure: 15 Jun 2001: Hopes that President George Bush would have a last-minute change of heart and endorse the Kyoto global warming treaty were buried last night when the EU-US summit ended in stalemate.

Clean energy rush: 13 Jun 2001: Checking out the chilled food counter at a Sainsbury’s superstore with Ellie, her 2-year-old daughter, Deborah Idle’s thoughts were far from renewable energy.

Protesters warm up for president’s visit: 12 Jun 2001: President George Bush arrives in Spain today amid European protests at US use of the death penalty, an issue at the fore partly because of yesterday’s execution of the Oklahoma City bomber, Timothy McVeigh.

Bush proposes alternative to Kyoto pact on climate: 12 Jun 2001: President George Bush announced yesterday that the US government is to spend millions of dollars on research into climate control.

Bush concedes on climate change: 11 Jun 2001: President George Bush is to announce today that he wants to spend millions of dollars on research on global warming, after being savaged for turning his back on the Kyoto agreement on climate change.

Fatal floods: Texas takes brunt of storm that leaves 11 dead 11 Jun 2001: At least 11 people died and more than 17,000 were evacuated as floods swept across Texas and Louisiana yesterday. Nearly 900mm (35in) of rain has fallen in four days and a further 150mm was predicted as tropical storm Allison caused havoc.

Recovering Earth: http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2001/jun/10/research.highereducation 10 Jun 2001: [Bjorn Lomborg] Environmentalists said our planet was doomed to die. Now one man says they are wrong. Anthony Browne reports.

Nasa aims to move Earth: 10 Jun 2001: Scientists have found an unusual way to prevent our planet overheating: move it to a cooler spot.

Bush flies into a firestorm: 9 Jun 2001: President’s team fears showdown in Europe this week over global warming and defence

It’s true Mr President, the world’s hotting up: 8 Jun 2001: America’s leading scientists have told President George Bush that global warming is real – and that the burning of fossil fuel is feeding it.

Blame it on the sunshine: 30 May 2001: The sun is out and everyone is filled with the joys of summer: relaxed, amorous and free spirited. Wrong. The truth is that warm weather makes us irritable, violent and depressed. By Emma Brockes and Oliver Burkeman.

Trees won’t save Bush: 25 May 2001: George Bush suffered a blow yesterday when his “alternative strategy” to beat climate change by planting forests in north America and elsewhere was shown to be of little help.

UK makes toxic gift to the Balkans: 21 May 2001: Waste incinerator for Macedonia breaches EU regulations.

Nevada: from viva Vegas to nuclear dump: 19 May 2001: America’s big new atomic waste site will be at Yucca mountain – unless a coalition of opponents can stop it

Top scientists isolate Bush by backing Kyoto: 18 May 2001: In a veiled rebuke to George Bush, the US president, 17 of the world’s most conservative science bodies have called on politicians to honour the Kyoto agreement and cut greenhouse gas emissions.

New policy is a fossil: 18 May 2001: Opponents of the Bush energy plan on both sides of the Atlantic said yesterday that the president was turning the clock back to a bygone era and risking a bigger rift with Europe.

Bush’s plan to drive away darkness: 18 May 2001: The cost of protecting the “American way of life” and preserving US national security will be a massive growth in energy consumption, amounting to an increase of a third over the next 20 years, the Bush administration signalled in a major policy statement yesterday.

Bush plans energy explosion: 18 May 2001: President George Bush yesterday launched an energy plan that would dramatically increase the number of oil rigs, power stations and nuclear plants across the country. He warned of a “darker future” ahead for the United States unless something was done about “the worst serious energy shortage since the 1970s”.

America’s life support – air conditioning: 18 May 2001: Four years ago, an advertising agency asked a group of Americans to choose the slogan they thought would best depict their nation to the world.

Esso boycott may cross Channel: 9 May 2001: Environmentalists last night warned they would try to expand a boycott campaign against Esso, the British arm of ExxonMobil, the world’s biggest oil group, to mainland Europe. This followed a public launch of the protest by Bianca Jagger at a London petrol station, writes Terry Macalister.

Jagger, MPs and activists unite to grab Esso tiger by the tail: 6 May 2001: Pressure groups hope to persuade Britons to boycott Esso this week over its opposition to the Kyoto climate deal – a move which could cost the oil giant £1bn.

Bushwhacked: 25 Apr 2001: Why repudiating the Kyoto protocol is based on wobbly logic, Mr President

After the quake: 18 Apr 2001: It is three months since a massive earthquake hit western India, killing thousands. The actor Art Malik visited the region and was inspired by what he saw.

How the high priests of capitalism run roughshod over fears for planet; 17 Apr 2001: The home of global capitalism can be found just outside Dallas. Set in the midst of a sprawling industrial park, it is a huge, squat pink stone edifice, with a sloping black roof like a rustic villa, but a villa made for giants.

Prescott forced to climb down over Kyoto: 17 Apr 2001: John Prescott was forced into an embarrassing climbdown yesterday over his pledge to confront the US government’s rejection of the Kyoto climate change treaty.

Warmer seas reveal climate change: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/apr/13/climatechange.climatechangeenvironment 13 Apr 2001: Tim Radford: Global warming is real, and humans are responsible for it, US scientists say today. Below the waves the oceans are warming in step with greenhouse predictions.

Geologists find fault to solve quake mystery: 12 Apr 2001: Two science detectives have solved the riddle of the worst earthquake in modern history.

Science uncovers secrets of past disasters: 12 Apr 2001: Superhot gas killed 300 people fleeing Herculaneum.

Bend Coke’s ear on Kyoto, say MPs: 11 Apr 2001: MPs yesterday launched a campaign to persuade Coca-Cola’s customers to strongarm the soft drinks company into backing the Kyoto protocols against global warming. By Michael White.

MPs urge Coke drinkers to back Kyoto email campaign: 10 Apr 2001: A cross-party committee of MPs has launched an unprecedented campaign to persuade Coca-Cola’s customers around the world to strongarm the global soft drinks company into backing the Kyoto protocols against global warming.

New proposal to revive Kyoto treaty: 9 Apr 2001: The Bush administration is putting forward alternative guidelines for a new international global warming agreement, it was reported yesterday, as it finds itself increasingly isolated on the world stage for its rejection of the Kyoto treaty.

Gloomy forecast: not-so-Great Lakes, not-so-great states: 9 Apr 2001: From coast to coast, the consequences of global warming in America could be devastating, scientists warn.

It’s payback time for Kyoto: 9 Apr 2001: On how Europe can get its own back on the US for its failure to abide by the Kyoto agreement, and make it come into line with the rest of the world.

Court in the act: 7 Apr 2001: A court order was last night served on Greenpeace activists who have secured themselves to a North Sea oil rig in protest over global warming, ordering them to leave.

Carbon dioxide levels will double by 2050, experts forecast: 6 Apr 2001: Human activity is warming the planet and President George Bush’s refusal to support a global warming pact will worsen the environmental consequences, the head of a UN panel of scientists advising governments on climate change has warned.

Greens urge boycott of US firms: 6 Apr 2001: Green groups called yesterday for a boycott of US corporations that back George Bush’s dumping of the global warming treaty, as the EU’s environment commissioner reported that an unbridgeable gulf has grown up between Europe and America on climate change.

Winds of change: 5 Apr 2001: Since Tony Blair and George Bush met at Camp David more than a month ago to discover they shared so much in common – Colgate – they have not spoken again. Both men are undoubtedly busy. Mr Bush has had his spy plane shot down in China and Mr Blair has had his election plans shot down in the killing fields of northern Cumbria.

Frog decline ‘due to global warming’: 5 Apr 2001: Climate change fed by fossil fuel pollution could be the underlying cause of the worldwide deaths of frogs, toads and salamanders, according to US scientists today.

The great divide: 4 Apr 2001: George Bush’s decision to rip up the Kyoto agreement left many of us staring across the Atlantic in disbelief. But Henry Porter is not surprised – as London editor of Vanity Fair he has found that America’s view of the world is profoundly different to Europe’s.

US rebuffs Europe on climate: 4 Apr 2001: An EU delegation hurriedly dispatched to Washington after the Bush administration disowned the Kyoto treaty on global warming last week expressed disappointment yesterday that US negotiators ruled out any role in implementing the agreements and offered no alternatives.

‘Flood Bush’ email stalls White House server: 3 Apr 2001: 4.30pm: BP and Shell have joined a Friends of the Earth email campaign targeting President Bush, writes Julia Day.

Bush faces EU wrath over snub to Kyoto deal: 3 Apr 2001: A European Union delegation was given a cool reception when it arrived in Washington yesterday in the hope of persuading the Bush administration to rethink its rejection of the Kyoto treaty on global warming.

Carter urges Bush to act on global warming: 2 Apr 2001: The United States must develop an urgent plan to reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases, which account for a quarter of the world’s total, former president Jimmy Carter told the Bush administration yesterday.

The President who bought power and sold the world: 1 Apr 2001: George Bush’s decision to ignore global warming and pull the plug on Kyoto is payback for the energy industries which backed him, reports Ed Vulliamy.

Children pay for political errors: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/apr/01/climatechange.comment 1 Apr 2001: John Prescott: When I came out of The Hague Conference on Global Warming last December I said I was ‘gutted’ that we had not reached agreement.

The world in 2050: 1 Apr 2001: It is the year 2050, and April blizzards have gripped southern England for the third successive year while violent storms batter the North Sea coast.

The cold shoulder: 31 Mar 2001: The US wants isolation from the rest of the world – including our weather.

EU dismay as Bush reneges on Kyoto: 30 Mar 2001: European Union leaders reacted with open dismay yesterday to the confirmation of President George Bush’s decision to withdraw support for the Kyoto climate change agreement. Green Euro-MPs immediately called on consumers to boycott US oil companies.

Yet more broken promises: 30 Mar 2001: The Americans have abandoned the Kyoto treaty on gas emissions.

This means war: 30 Mar 2001: Now that George Bush has found out the Kyoto agreement is about emissions reduction and might annoy his oil chums back in Texas, he has done what the world had feared: torn it up. But if he thinks there is nothing we can do about it, then he is sorely mistaken. Stephen Moss suggests some sanctions.

A dirty business: 30 Mar 2001: Suddenly, in the space of two short months, America, the “indispensable nation”, begins to resemble the ultimate rogue state.

US public backs green line: 30 Mar 2001: The Bush administration’s attitude towards global warming is dictated more by the president’s corporate backers than by US public opinion, which is far greener than the White House, surveys suggest.

Bush kills global warming treaty: 29 Mar 2001: The Bush administration yesterday appeared to end all hope of reviving the Kyoto treaty on global warming, declaring it had “no interest” in its implementation and taking the first steps towards withdrawing the US signature on the accord.

Europe criticises US threat over Kyoto: 29 Mar 2001: The threat by the US president, George Bush, to abandon the Kyoto agreement on climate change provoked a strong reaction in Europe today with the environment minister, Michael Meacher, labelling it “exceptionally serious”.

Wettest 12-month spell since 1766: 24 Mar 2001: England and Wales has endured the wettest 12 months since records began in 1766, the meteorological office said yesterday.

Europe pleads with US over eco-deal as the lights go out in California: 24 Mar 2001: EU calls for Bush to honour Kyoto agreement on greenhouse gases despite growing power crisis

Kennedy issues challenge on climate change: 21 Mar 2001: Charles Kennedy yesterday moved to raise his profile ahead of the coming election by challenging Tony Blair to tell US president George Bush that his new administration’s views on climate change were “out of step” with the rest of the world.

Warming will raise water bills: 20 Mar 2001: Britain’s domestic water users face higher bills to cope with the growing effects of global warming, the industry’s trade body warned yesterday.

The White House effect: 16 Mar 2001: Even by US standards, George Bush’s politically inspired decision to renege on his election pledge to “establish mandatory reduction targets” for carbon emissions is breathtakingly irresponsible.

Annan pleads with west as environment is pushed up UN agenda: 15 Mar 2001: Kofi Annan, the secretary general of the United Nations, yesterday used a visit to Bangladesh, the country that stands to suffer most from global warming, to urge the worst offenders – the US, Europe and Japan – to cut carbon emissions.

US u-turn on emissions fuels anger: 15 Mar 2001: President George Bush has withdrawn a campaign pledge to limit carbon dioxide emissions, causing a split in his cabinet and an angry response from Europe.

Action on flood defences urged: 15 Mar 2001: Urgent action is needed to minimise the flooding risk to 2m homes as Britain faces the highest levels of rainfall since 1766, the national audit office warns today.

How green is our Blair? 9 Mar 2001: Rarely can a prime minister’s reputation have risen so fast and fallen so soon. On Tuesday Tony Blair was the hero of the green lobby; on Wednesday he had become a duplicitous villain. On Tuesday he spoke with real passion about the threat of global warming and the importance of the Kyoto international climate treaty.

Record storm menaces millions in the US: 6 Mar 2001: Millions of inhabitants of the north-eastern US were bracing last night for a blizzard which was forecast to bring record amounts of snowfall and paralyse cities from Washington to Boston and beyond.

Blair bids for green lobby: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/mar/05/globalwarming.greenpolitics 5 Mar 2001: Patrick Wintour: Tony Blair will tomorrow try to put flesh on his commitment to fight global warming, by promising extra investment to remove Britian’s dependence on fossils fuels, such as oil and gas.

Blair stokes fear of eco-apocalypse: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/mar/04/climatechange.greenpolitics 4 Mar 2001: Kamel Ahmed: Tony Blair is to paint an apocalyptic vision of a world being ravaged by global warming in a speech aimed at facing down critics who say that he does not take green issues seriously.

Snow misery: 3 Mar 2001: Thousands of homes in Scotland were without electricity for a fourth day yesterday as engineers battled to restore power supplies cut off by the bad weather.

Seattle quake will cost state billions: 2 Mar 2001: One woman died of a heart attack and more than 250 injuries have so far been reported as a result of Wednesday’s earthquake near Seattle.

Fault grinds slowly towards next shock: 1 Mar 2001: On either side of the San Andreas fault, which runs almost the length of California, cities move apart at the rate of a few centimetres a year. But at the fault itself, the rocks remain jammed together for years at a time. When they finally give, say scientists at the US Geological Survey, the movement accelerates from practically nothing to 3,000mph.

Panic as huge quake strikes Seattle: 1 Mar 2001: An earthquake measuring 7.0 on the Richter scale rocked the American city of Seattle last night, sending office workers on to the streets in panic and causing minor damage.

Seattle shaken but it’s not the ‘Big One’: 1 Mar 2001: Seattle was hit by an earthquake which registered 7.0 on the Richter scale yesterday and sent thousands in the city centre scurrying into the streets from evacuated office buildings.

Scientists upgrade the ‘Big One’: 1 Mar 2001: Revised calculations by scientists based on the devastating earthquake in India last month suggest that the type of subterranean faults that led to parts of Gujarat being levelled could produce quakes of similar magnitude in Los Angeles.

Earthquake rocks Seattle: 1 Mar 2001: A state of emergency has been declared in Seattle after a major earthquake shook the US Pacific north-west yesterday, causing one death, serious injuries and widespread damage in the city. Tremors were felt as far away as Salt Lake City, Utah.

Bitter weather brings paralysis to the north: 28 Feb 2001: Atrocious weather conditions brought chaos to the north of Britain and Northern Ireland yesterday as more than 200,000 people were left without electricity and scores of passengers were stranded on rail and road routes.

Winter returns to plunge northern Britain into chaos: 27 Feb 2001: Parts of northern Britain has been plunged into chaos today by the return of winter.

Quake-hit pupils find solace in Chekhov and maths: 23 Feb 2001: The disaster which left thousands of schools damaged or in ruins has failed to dampen the passion for learning.

44,000 homeless in Mozambique floods: 23 Feb 2001: Riot police are helping to evacuate some of an estimated 400,000 Mozambicans affected by flooding which has killed at least 41 people and left more than 44,000 homeless. 

Grim forecast, warns climate report: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/feb/20/globalwarming.climatechange1 20 Feb 2001: Paul Brown and Peter Capella:  [IPCC] Impacts of climate change will be far worse than previously thought, 700 scientists say in a report published yesterday.

Glaciers melting because of global warming: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/feb/20/climatechange.climatechange 20 Feb 2001: Tim Radford:  The glaciers of Mount Kilimanjaro in east Africa and the Andes of Peru are melting so fast that they could disappear within 10 to 20 years.

Indian quake widens rifts between the castes: 17 Feb 2001: In a dusty field in the village of Adhoi, white tents flap emptily in the wind. Nearby, young boys fly kites, cows graze in the dirt and the sun beats down.

Stricken El Salvador fears donor fatigue: 16 Feb 2001: Hope fades for survivors days after the second quake

Victims still entombed in Salvador’s adobe towns: 15 Feb 2001: Classes had just resumed after the interruption of the January 13 earthquake in the parish school in Candelaria, a remote town of 12,000 people tucked away in the valleys of central El Salvador.

At least 174 dead in Salvador quake: 14 Feb 2001: An earthquake has struck El Salvador a month to the day after more than 1,000 people were killed by earth tremors.

Fresh quake piles on misery in El Salvador: 14 Feb 2001: More than 120 people died and more than 1,000 were injured when an earthquake hit El Salvador yesterday morning, causing further destruction and sending waves of panic through a country still traumatised by the massive quake that killed more than 1,000 people exactly one month ago.

Fresh quake in El Salvador: 14 Feb 2001: At least 70 people died when an earthquake hit El Salvador yesterday morning, causing renewed destruction and sending waves of panic through a country still traumatised by the massive quake that killed more than 1,000 people one month ago.

The culture that mishandles earthquakes (and our babies): 12 Feb 2001: We used to be so proud of our civil service. Now it’s an embarrassment

Ghosts in the dust of Gujarat: 11 Feb 2001: India is still trying to dig itself free from the legacy of the British Raj.

Return of malaria feared as climate warms: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/feb/10/society.globalwarming 10 Feb 2001: PaulBrown: Malaria could return to southern counties in the next 20 years as the climate warms, and during the summer months half of England would be at risk of an outbreak, the Department of Health said yesterday.

Floods bring new tide of misery: 10 Feb 2001: As householders across south-east and north-east England were evacuated from their homes yesterday amid rising floodwaters, residents of Yalding in Kent were contemplating their seventh serious flood in the past four months.

Global warming ‘will kill thousands’ in UK: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/feb/09/globalwarming.climatechange

9 Feb 2001: Climate change in Britain will lead to explosion in skin cancer, heatwaves and food poisoning, says government report.

Flooding returns with a vengeance: 9 Feb 2001: Flooding returned to Britain with a vengeance yesterday, leaving a policeman dead and troops deployed in several areas to evacuate threatened homes.

Waste of energy: 7 Feb 2001: While the government claims to lead the world with its plans to reduce carbon dioxide emissions, the figures tell quite a different story.

Scots still battered by wintry weather: 7 Feb 2001: Scotland endured a second day of misery yesterday as bad weather continued to batter much of the country.

Children bear brunt of quake trauma: 6 Feb 2001: Last month’s devastating tremor in India hit the most vulnerable people the hardest, reports Luke Harding in New Delhi.

Quake victims found alive after 10 days: 6 Feb 2001: Just when all hope was lost India’s disaster yields one more miracle.

Blizzards ravage Scotland and north: 6 Feb 2001: Tens of thousands of homes were left in freezing darkness yesterday as blizzards caused chaos in the north of England and Scotland, while in the south the most effective Tube strike in a decade created travel chaos for 3m London commuters.

Two ‘miracle’ survivors of Indian quake rescued: 5 Feb 2001: A brother and sister were pulled alive and unharmed from under the rubble in the Indian town of Bhuj today, 10 days after the devastating earthquake which killed an estimated 30,000 people.

Earthquake diplomacy brings subcontinent detente: 5 Feb 2001: The Indian earthquake has got the region’s two leaders talking again, writes Rory McCarthy in Islamabad.

Quake victims turn on ‘greedy’ builders: 5 Feb 2001: Anger against unscrupulous builders in Gujarat rose yesterday as officials blamed them for worsening the death toll in the January 26 Indian earthquake, which the authorities now fear could eventually be more than 30,000.

UK will miss greenhouse target: 5 Feb 2001: Britain will miss its internationally agreed targets for reducing the greenhouse gases which cause global warming, independent energy analysts warn today.

Snow and flooding cause road chaos: 5 Feb 2001: Heavy snow and flooding caused chaos last night in Scotland and the north of England, and motorists face the prospect of more delays today, with further snowfalls and rain expected across the country.

British Asians attack FO for poor response: 4 Feb 2001: The Foreign Office is being strongly criticised by members of the Asian community still waiting to hear if British relatives missing in Gujurat are alive.

Fears of insurance no-go zones as global warming claims rise: 3 Feb 2001: The insurance bill for extreme weather events and rising sea levels is set to increase tenfold – from £20bn a year to £200bn a year by 2050 – making parts of the world uninsurable, the world’s leading insurers have warned.

Maharajah’s palace in search of a saviour: 3 Feb 2001: With its ornate balconies and air of eccentric majesty, the old palace in Bhuj used to be the town’s star tourist attraction.

Quake dead burned to ward off disease: 2 Feb 2001: Two flights from Britain carrying emergency aid to the victims of last Friday’s earthquake in western India touched down in the town of Bhuj last night as soldiers went on grimly digging bodies from the rubble, fearful that contamination may breed disease.

Indian government under fire for quake handling: 1 Feb 2001: Indian prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee said today that relief was reaching Gujarat as criticism grew over his administration’s handling of last week’s devastating earthquake in the western state.

The quake, the mourning and the long wait: 1 Feb 2001: The residents of Dinara have a harsh life at the best of times. The village lies on the edge of a vast expanse of desert. Nothing much grows apart from diminutive babul trees. Only camels seem at home, plodding among the shimmering salt flats.

Quake survivors found, 12,000 bodies recovered: 31 Jan 2001: More survivors were today pulled from underneath the rubble of the Indian earthquake, as the Gujarat state government confirmed that 12,000 bodies had now been recovered and the eventual death toll was likely to reach 25,000.

Flood victims protest at No 10: 31 Jan 2001: The land of sodden furniture and of families crammed into caravans and bedsits came to Downing Street yesterday to remind ministers that the autumn flood disaster is still part of hundreds of people’s lives.

Tales of hope in Indian town that turned to dust: 31 Jan 2001: At 104 Rajdeep Apartments it was a normal morning. Chitra was making breakfast. Her husband, Chellappan, was having tea. Their two-year-old daughter, Gita, was drinking a cup of milk. And then the walls started to tremble.

Survivor found five days after Indian earthquake: 30 Jan 2001: A British rescue team today pulled a man alive from under the rubble of his home in Bhuj, five days after western India was struck by an earthquake that has left up to 100,000 dead.

Tragedy of UK doctor who died: 30 Jan 2001: In the early hours of yesterday, Ashok Nathwani (above) should have been getting on a flight back to the UK. A senior paediatrician from Hampshire, he had decided to pop in on relatives in Ahmedabad on his way back from a lecture tour through India. He was only going to stay one night.

After the devastation, the miracle of a baby saved from a concrete tomb: 30 Jan 2001: Rescuers pulled an eight- month-old baby from the lap of his dead mother yesterday, more than 72 hours after they were buried alive under rubble by the earthquake which has devastated Gujarat state.

After the shock, new horrors: 29 Jan 2001: As aid pours into Gujarat, former India correspondent Derek Brown takes a closer look at the quake’s impact on the nation.

Britain pledges £10m aid to victims of India’s quake: 29 Jan 2001: The government today said £10m had been allocated to help victims of Friday’s devastating earthquake in India, which has left thousands dead.

Can earthquakes be predicted? 29 Jan 2001: Earthquake prediction is still more alchemy than science, reports Sarah Left

What the Indian papers say: 29 Jan 2001: India’s vibrant anglophone press is hard put to find language powerful enough to match the disaster, reports Derek Brown.

Are earthquakes getting worse? 29 Jan 2001: Analysis: With the increasing number of metropolises, earthquakes cause more damage when they hit, writes science editor Tim Radford.

Lessons from past disasters go unheeded: 29 Jan 2001: Earthquakes are inevitable, but death in an earthquake is not. Ground tremors do not kill: collapsing buildings do the killing.

‘In half a minute everyone was killed’: 29 Jan 2001: By 9am most mornings, the market in the unassuming town of Bhachau is a busy place. Last Friday was no exception. Within a minute, as giant tremors ripped through the lane, almost all of them were dead – drowned under a tidal wave of masonry.

Hopes fade as toll rises to 20,000: 29 Jan 2001: As the death toll from the Indian earthquake continued its inexorable rise yesterday with more than 20,000 people feared dead, the sheer scale of the disaster appeared to be overwhelming the authorities.

Global warming dangers ‘buried’ in new rankings: 29 Jan 2001: An attempt by the World Economic Forum to rank countries on an environmental scorecard was dismissed as “global misleadership” by a London-based think tank because the index claims that some of the world’s most polluting economies are the most environmentally sustainable.

Quake toll may reach 15,000: 28 Jan 2001: Luke Harding in Bhuj finds darkness, mourning and horror at the epicentre of the disaster.

2,000 dead – and rising: 27 Jan 2001: Republic day ends in tragedy as Gujarat earthquake is felt from Madras to Nepal.

More than 1,000 feared dead in Indian quake: 26 Jan 2001: At least 845 people have been killed after a severe earthquake struck western India in the early hours of this morning.

Global warming could be worst in 10,000 years: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jan/25/ipcc.climatechange 25 Jan 2001: Tim Radford & Paul Brown: An international group of scientists has confirmed the worst fears of environmentalists: the Earth’s atmosphere could soar by almost 6C by 2100 – a rise unprecedented in the past 10,000 years.[Bob Watson, IPCC, UNEP]

Environmentalists ready to battle with Bush: 23 Jan 2001: The new president finds the battle lines already drawn up with the green lobby, writes Polly Ghazi in Washington DC.

Warming could be worst in 10,000 years: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/jan/25/ipcc.climatechange 23 Jan 2001: Tim Radford & Paul Brown:  [IPCC] An international group of scientists has confirmed the worst fears of environmentalists: the Earth’s atmosphere could soar by almost 6C by 2100 – a rise unprecedented in the past 10,000 years.

A world of extremes as the planet hots up: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2001/jan/23/globalwarming.climatechange

23 Jan 2001: Paul Brown: [IPCC] As the intergovernmental panel on climate change set out yesterday, the Earth is warming faster than at any time in the last 10,000 years.

Smog hid threat of global warming: 23 Jan 2001: One irony of the climate crisis is that when states enforced clean air laws, they made the global warming threat more dramatic.

Global warming: full steam ahead: 22 Jan 2001: The change of power in Washington doesn’t bode well for the future of the planet, writes environment correspondent Paul Brown.

The playground that became a cemetery: 21 Jan 2001: When the earthquake came, it took the children of Las Colinas. They were in the playground with their parents when the weight of the collapsing mountain bore down upon the suburb of Santa Tecla. Now the playground is buried.

Powell calls for climate talks delay: 20 Jan 2001: Colin Powell, the incoming US secretary of state, has asked for climate change negotiations to be postponed because Bush administration appointees will not be briefed in time.

Victims of global warming?: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jan/18/weather.globalwarming 18 Jan 2001: Alex Bellos: Displaced penguins surf into Rio

Salvadorean anger at post-quake aid delays: 18 Jan 2001: More than 45,000 people have been left homeless by El Salvador’s massive earthquake, the government admitted yesterday, as criticism of the delays in ensuring food and medicines reach displaced families increased.

El Salvador fears health hazards: 17 Jan 2001: As aftershocks continued to panic survivors of Saturday’s huge earthquake in El Salvador, hope was fading yesterday of finding more victims alive beneath the mud and rubble.

International aid to relieve quake victims: 16 Jan 2001: Governments and aid agencies around the world have begun committing millions of dollars to help people injured and displaced by the powerful earthquake that hit El Salvador on Saturday.

Buried alive for 33 hours, a victim pleads: ‘Get me out, please hurry’: 16 Jan 2001: Each time the earth trembled, Sergio Moreno let out a cry of distress and pleaded with rescue workers to set him free, “Get me out, please hurry, I cannot breathe.”

Earthquake toll could top 1,600: 16 Jan 2001: More than 600 bodies have been recovered and a further 1,000 people are still missing in El Salvador following the massive earthquake which struck the Central American state at the weekend.

Contested property scheme blamed for many deaths: 16 Jan 2001: A fiercely contested private property development, engulfed in a mudslide when the earthquake struck El Salvador, was yesterday being blamed for the high number of casualties in the worst affected area.

Britain gives £600,000 to earthquake-stricken El Salvador: 15 Jan 2001: Britain has committed more than £600,000 to the rescue effort in earthquake-hit El Salvador, junior international development minister George Foulkes announced today.

El Salvador buries quake victims in mass graves: 15 Jan 2001: Authorities in El Salvador today said many of the 400 earthquake victims were buried in mass graves.

Damage delays aid as search continues: 15 Jan 2001: A desperate search for survivors of the earthquake that had already taken more than 200 lives was under way in El Salvador last night.

‘We care, but only when we know’ 15 Jan 2001: The media focus on disasters that are easy to understand, such as this weekend’s earthquake in El Salvador, leaves us ignorant of more complex, politically challenging crises, writes George Monbiot

‘The earth shook and the mountain tumbled down’: 15 Jan 2001: With no more tears to shed, Ana Maria Juarez stood dry-eyed beside what she swore used to be her home. Covered beneath three metres of thick mud, it was hard to believe that a building had once stood there.

Local democratic muscle to halt future misery: 12 Jan 2001: When the river Derwent destroyed Bridget Jackson’s job as well as wrecking her home for the third time in 14 months, it did a favour for local democracy.

Flood zones rebel against emergency levy increase: 12 Jan 2001: Councils in Britain’s worst hit flood region united in rebellion yesterday against an emergency levy which threatens to add £7 per house to local council tax each year.

The arid expansion: 11 Jan 2001: In the last decades of the colonial era, British and French scientists working on the south side of the Sahara expressed concern that the desert was spreading inexorably southwards into the savannas and forests of west Africa, writes Andrew Goudie, professor of geography at Oxford university.

Desertification in the Karoo: 11 Jan 2001: South African sheep farmers in the Karoo are facing the loss of their pastures to arid scrubland, writes land degradation expert Dr John Boardman.

Yorkshire faces 63% hike in flood defence levy: 11 Jan 2001: The environment agency is today asking councillors in Yorkshire to spend an extra £10.8m to bolster flood defences and pay for damage to historic towns and villages in the wake of devastation caused by torrential downpours in October and November.

Weather chaos costs farmers £500m: 6 Jan 2001: Parts of Britain are back on flood alert after fresh downpours across the country yesterday, while farmers estimated the bad weather had already cost them millions of pounds this winter.

The President who bought power and sold the world: 4 Jan 2001: George Bush’s decision to ignore global warming and pull the plug on Kyoto is payback for the energy industries which backed him, reports Ed Vulliamy.

The world in 2050: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jan/04/globalwarming.theobserver 4 Jan 2001: Robin McKie and Priscilla Morris: It is the year 2050, and April blizzards have gripped southern England for the third successive year while violent storms batter the North Sea coast.

Melting permafrost threatens Alps 4 Jan 2001: Communities face devastating landslides from unstable mountain ranges.

Woman killed by car park landslides: 3 Jan 2001: ‘They waved to show they were all right. Five minutes later there was a second slide …’

Snow and rain spoil the party as 2001 gets off to a soggy start: 2 Jan 2001: The curse of the millennium, which has dogged the dome, the wobbly bridge and a string of other grandiose projects, saved up its final bite for the last hours of 2000.

Bad weather takes shine off New Year celebrations: 1 Jan 2001: Hundreds of thousands of revellers shrugged off snow, wind and rain to see in the New Year early today at events across the UK and Ireland.

More chaos feared after five die in icy weather: 1 Jan 2001: Blizzards, freezing rain and howling winds hit the country last night, threatening to add to the five deaths caused by the bitter winter weather over the weekend and cancelling many New Year celebrations.

 

 

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13 Responses to Guardian Climate Change Archive (3): 2001

  1. “The world in 2050: http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2001/jan/04/globalwarming.theobserver 4 Jan 2001: Robin McKie and Priscilla Morris: It is the year 2050, and April blizzards have gripped southern England for the third successive year while violent storms batter the North Sea coast.”

    “9 Feb 2001: Climate change in Britain will lead to explosion in skin cancer, heatwaves and food poisoning, says government report.”

    I love the consistency….

  2. alexjc38 says:

    It would be fascinating if all the dire predictions about 2050 (in the Guardian and elsewhere) were collected and published, so we could all see how the reality measured up to the hype, when the time came.

    Closer to the present, there was a report by the WWF which says that the world must switch to a low-carbon economy by 2014, in order to avoid disaster:
    http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2009/oct/19/wwf-low-carbon-technologies

    From the pdf: the report “finds that runaway climate change is almost inevitable without specific action to implement low-carbon re-industrialisation over the next five years. The point of no return is estimated to be 2014.”

  3. Mooloo says:

    The point of no return is estimated to be 2014.

    What about “100 months” http://www.onehundredmonths.org/ ? According to them we have three years. These groups really should keep these things straight between them, or else it will look like they are just making stuff up as they go along..

    (I wonder what will happen when the 100 months have passed? I’m quite keen to buy the link and put the numbers into negatives.)

  4. I don’t see inconsistency as a problem. They’re different journalists, reporting the findings of different scientists, in different sections of a once great newspaper. My whole reason for getting interested in the global warming story was because the Guardian seemed to be imposing a Pravda-like conformity on the story.
    Take the four Lomborg articles, which seem to have been commissioned by the editor of the Higher Education section, following a report by Anthony Browne, a distinguished journalist who has specialised mainly in health issues, as far as I can see. He stopped writing regularly for the Observer in 2002, a year after his article praising Lomborg. What happened to the Higher Education editor, I wonder?
    On the principle that “dog bites man” isn’t a story, but “man bites dog” is, Browne points out that Lomborg is a left wing academic, not a right wing fossil fuel fiend, and quotes Patrick Moore, ex-Greenpeace critic of environmentalist NGOs.
    This is the story that an independent newspaper should have been following up. The Guardian and Observer haven’t; instead they’ve stifled it.
    Note that, at this stage, Monbiot and Lynas are just starting to dabble with global warming, and very occasionally the IPCC gets quoted, but the Climate Change running is being made by Madeleine Bunting (ex religious affairs editor) and Polly Toynbee.

    PS Any WordPress folk out there know how to collapse long articles so that just the first few paragraphs appear, plus a link: “Click to read more”?

  5. artwest says:

    Mooloo “I wonder what will happen when the 100 months have passed?”

    I once had the temerity to ask early on in The Guardian series exactly that and whether the alarmists would just go away if nothing apocalyptic was evident.
    I was told not to be stupid, the hundred months being up would just mean that we were closer to… something or other bad.
    Silly me for thinking something falsifiable was supposed to happen.

  6. alexjc38 says:

    I think it doesn’t really matter to the proponents of these deadlines, that said deadlines pass without much of significance happening.

    On Climate Etc., back in August, Dr Curry posted about a recent paper by the Ehrlichs (“Can a global collapse of civilization be avoided?”) published by the Royal Society.

    In answer to comments about the many failures of such predictions to come to pass, commentator lolwot wrote: “They only have to be right once and in fact they won’t expect to be right more often than that… Whether Ehrlich’s warnings come true in the 1980s or the 2080s would be academic if they did come true.”

    To paraphrase (kind of), even though a stopped clock has pointed wrongly to the hour of our doom 11 times out of 12, the 12th time it could be right! There’s no arguing with these people…

    Happy New Year, everyone, by the way! :o)

  7. Here are some Guardian climate articles from a bit further back, just for fun. Via the archive at
    http://search.proquest.com/hnpguardianobserver/

    Jan 02 1979
    Will it be an ice age?
    Research in California suggests the world will get colder in the next century.

    Jun 12 1962
    The Ice age cometh

    Oct 5 1976
    Danger for Soviet grain harvests
    The Arctic has been growing steadily colder for the last 30 years, according to polar researchers here, and they expect this trend to continue at least until the end of the century.

    Jan 29 1974
    Space satellites show new Ice Age coming fast
    Worldwide and rapid trends towards a mini Ice Age are emerging from the first long term analyses of satellite weather pictures.

  8. Paul Matthews
    Many thanks for that. All the articles on the Guardian’s own climate change site have been specially digitalised. Presumably these articles provided by Proquest are scanned? I’ll have to register with the university to access them, since Proquest is only available via university libraries, I think.
    It’s an interesting Orwellian ploy, isn’t it? A kind of 1984-lite. What the Guardian wants us to know, they provide free and searchable. What they don’t want us to know is available only to university researchers in a form that has to be painstakingly transcribed.
    Conditions for use of material via Proquest seem quite stringent. I’d probably be infringing the Guardian’s copyright were I to reproduce the stuff they don’t want you to see on this blog. Should I do a Julian Assange and risk the wrath of Rusbridger?

    See you all in the Ecuadorean embassy.

  9. alexjc38 says:

    It would be very interesting to see a few of those bygone Guardian articles, stored in the digital equivalent of a locked filing cabinet in the basement.

    Searching around in Google’s newspaper archive, it’s possible to find some syndicated news items from the 1970s about climatic cooling – here’s one I’ve transcribed from 1972, for example, which has Hubert Lamb declaring that the “last 20 years of this century will be progressively colder”:
    https://sites.google.com/site/mytranscriptbox/home/19720908_dn

    It would be fascinating to see how this was reported in the Guardian, at the time.

  10. Paul Matthews has kindly provided me with a couple of those articles. I’ll write up one of them soon.
    There’s a gap in the Guardian Archive between 1953 and 1980, and the archive only really becomes useful in late 1999, which presumably corresponds to the introduction of digital technology. It’s easy to imagine the effect this will have on future historical research. Points of view that are freely accessible on-line are going to trump stuff hidden in newspaper libraries.
    Is it possible to do date-specific searches on Google? All I can see is a search by recentness (less than one month ago,etc)

  11. I was researching Anthoy Tucker, Guardian science editor during the 80s and 90s, and found these two comments at
    http://www.climate-resistance.org/2013/09/the-guardian’s-‘scientists-warn…’-meme.html
    Vinny Burgoo (September 22, 2013 at 9:15 pm)
    Here’s the ‘Scientists warn’ headline in its purest form:
    Scientists warn world of danger
    That’s above a story by Anthony Tucker in the Grauniad on 6th March 1972.
    The first couple of paras:
    A major analysis of world trends [The Limits To Growth], commissioned by the Club of Rome and published in the United states States today, shows that unless dramatic changes take place in economic and political policies civilisation will degrade and collapse within a century.
    The study, carried out by an international team under the direction of Professor Dennis Meadows at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and to be published in this country at the end of next month, is based on the most complex computer model yet constructed of dominant interacting components of world systems. Its unavoidable conclusion is that economic and population growth must cease and be replaced by stable systems.

    (The rest of the article says, in essence, that while some think the Club of Rome is a sinister organisation because it is invisible, powerful and ‘industrially-orientated’ ‘[n]othing could be further from the truth’: the CoR preaches doom, therefore it can’t be sinister. The Grauniad printed long extracts from TLTG in the same issue (complete with wonderfully meaningless graphs) and also gave it an editorial, ‘A sober look at doomsday’. Lovely stuff. Available online via Proquest, Manchester Library and your local library card number.)
    Vinny Burgoo says: (September 22, 2013 at 9:36 pm)
    (I misremembered about the Manchester Library thing. Your local library number won’t work. You need to register at Man Lib, and I’m not sure that’s still possible if you don’t live in Manchester. It was five or more years ago but they must have closed the door by now.)

  12. alexjc38 says:

    It used to be possible to use a custom range of dates in the Google news archive, but apparently not any more, according to this article:
    https://support.google.com/news/answer/1638638?hl=en&ref_topic=2428790

    Under the normal (ie. not “news”) Google search function, you can type in “site:google.com/newspapers” (without the speech marks) plus, e.g., “Club of Rome”, and you can use custom date ranges here, but this doesn’t work for anything earlier than 1970.

    Google giveth, and then Google taketh away, it seems.😦

    (Just realised that my local library card gives me access to a number of online archives, including the Times, the Economist and the Independent – no Guardian though, alas.)

  13. anonymous says:

    Geoff, to hide part of a post, I think you can follow this: http://wordpress.org/support/topic/show-only-part-of-a-post

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